Warfare before the fall of the Roman Empire

These articles analyze ancient campaigns, strategies, and battles, as well as books on the topics.

Herodotus through the 24-hr News Cycle

by Scott Manning March 19, 2014
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While I was reading and tweeting Herodotus, I became inspired to produce a half dozen mock images of his stories as though Fox News or MSNBC reported them. My only goal was to bring more attention to Herodotus. In case you missed any of them, here they all are in one place (click for a […]

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Live Review of 300: Rise of an Empire

by Scott Manning March 9, 2014
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For those of you who missed it, here are the tweets from my live review of 300: Rise of an Empire. I saw the movie twice and on the second viewing, I decided to review live. Also, I was sure not to bother the other patrons with my mobile phone use. I am tweeting all […]

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Why I’m tweeting Herodotus

by Scott Manning February 20, 2014
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About a week ago, I started tweeting as I read . It started as a trickle, but the past few days have yielded dozens of tweets from this ancient historian. Aside from the usual updates and sarcastic quips, I have tweeted everything I get out of Herodotus. This started as quotes, but now includes summaries and […]

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Renaissance-era Restorations to the Dying Gaul

by Scott Manning January 21, 2014
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In addition to the Dying Gaul being a remarkable piece from antiquity, the restorations of it have become part of its rich history. Originally excavated around 1620, it saw several restorations immediately afterward. While the piece seems complete now, it was missing its right arm, left knee, toes, left thumb, nose, penis, and portions of […]

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Concrete Proof the Gauls Fought Naked

by Scott Manning January 15, 2014
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Several Roman historians tell stories of Gauls fighting in the nude.1 The Dying Gaul on display at the National Gallery of Art corroborates their tales. It is a remarkable display of Roman appreciation for Hellenistic art. Here is my appreciation. At first glance, the Dying Gaul is immediately impressive, depressing, and overwhelming. It frankly puts most […]

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Weapons at the Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit

by Scott Manning September 24, 2012
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The Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit at the Franklin Institute was a rare opportunity to see one of the more remarkable archeological discoveries from the twentieth-century. There were some good hype moments throughout the exhibit, including a short, live talk, explaining the significance of the scrolls. The exhibit also did a great job of explaining all […]

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Spartan Burial Practices and Honoring Fallen Soldiers

by Scott Manning April 11, 2011
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In the United States, like other countries, we honor deceased veterans with unique headstones and even burial rights in national cemeteries. Yet, how do you honor veterans in a civilization that is composed entirely of those who serve in the military, like the Spartans of ancient Greece? This civilization was unique from its fellow Greek […]

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How the Greeks Commemorated the Sesquicentennial of Xerxes’ Invasion

by Scott Manning March 24, 2011
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With the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War quickly approaching, it is appropriate to examine how past civilizations commemorated the 150-year anniversaries of their major conflicts. One such group was the Greeks who commemorated the sesquicentennial of Xerxes’ invasion (480 BC) to the exact year (330 BC) by sanctioning Alexander the Great (r. 336-323) to […]

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Book Review: Warfare in the Ancient World

by Scott Manning April 11, 2010
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Carey, Brian Todd. Warfare in the Ancient World. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military, 2009. 184 pages. In Warfare in the Ancient World, Brian Todd Carey has produced a collection of 26 ancient battles, which serve as a fine introduction to the topic. In between the battles, Carey mixes in descriptions of the rise and fall […]

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Growing Up Spartan

by Joe Emory February 23, 2007
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Historically, Sparta has been known as a utopia of Militaristic Society. The Spartans becoming such a military juggernaut didn’t just start when a youth enrolled in the military. A child was groomed his entire life to grow into a warrior hero; the kind of hero that would become legend in the world’s histories. They concentrated […]

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