Scotland’s Monuments to Her Fallen Sons in the Great War

by Scott Manning on August 18, 2011

While my wife and I were in Scotland recently, we were enamored with tales of Picts, Vikings, Highlanders, and Jacobites, but we could not help but also notice the seemingly endless World War I monuments strung throughout virtually every village in Scotland. Even as far north as the Orkney Islands, I saw several monuments in small villages with less than 100 inhabitants.

Each monument is unique, but they all have some of the same features. First, they originally focused on the Great War (1914-1918 or 1919). Second, there is always a modification of the monument to list soldiers killed in World War II or at least mention the war. These modifications tend to blend very well with the original monument. Third, the monuments all stand in a pillar-like fashion. Some are crosses, some are soldiers, and others are obelisks.

Below is the monument in Durness.

Durness World War I monument

Notice the text on the front of the Durness monument. There is a sentence about the Great War followed by another mentioning the dates that Britain participated in World War II. That sentence starts with “And also . . .” Each monument appears to follow this format, which made me realize these monuments were built before World War II.

Durness World War I monument

Below is the monument in Fort William, which is a city, not a fort.

Fort William World War I monument

This monument features the same format of displaying dedication text to the Great War. Then it simply provides the dates for World War II with a list of those killed in action from the city.

Fort William World War I monument

Even more interesting is the back of the monument, which mentions the Gulf War (1991) with the name of the sole citizen from Fort William who died in that war.

Fort William World War I monument

On our journeys, we met a family from northeast Scotland who graciously treated my wife and I to some Highland hospitality with Irn-Bru and vodka while discussing Scottish and American wars. We mentioned the prevalence of the monuments in an attempt to determine if there was some concerted, national effort to erect them.  Their reactions were illuminating as they realized–seemingly, for the first time–how common these monuments were throughout Scotland. The structures are a feature of towns that the Scots of today grew up with, but they are so use to the monuments’ presence that they did not consider the origins. The Highlanders recalled how each year on Remembrance Sunday, the second Sunday of every November, they would walk from their churches to their local World War I monument to place wreaths, flowers, and other tokens.

The number of monuments is overwhelming.  The Scottish War Memorials Project has recorded over 3,400 monuments. They are still counting, which is no simple task, especially since the creators of these structures include towns, churches, schools, and veterans.

Unique in the string of monuments was the one in Glasgow. This structure is massive and focuses almost entirely on World War I with one slight modification.

Glasgow World War I monument

In the central pillar, there is text geared entirely toward the Great War, but above are the dates of both world wars.

Glasgow World War I monument

Viewing this monument was especially moving for several reasons. First, there was a sign asking visitors to treat it with respect. I wish more memorials had signs like this. Although I was in a busy city, I felt calm as I walked around.

Glasgow World War I monument

In addition, some of the text on the monument was very moving.

Glasgow World War I monument

Glasgow World War I monument

The lions were a nice touch as well.

Glasgow World War I monument

In the United States, we often refer to Korea (1950-1953) as the “forgotten war,” but we tend to forget several others, such as World War I. The centennial of the Great War is approaching and while it is clear that Scotland has more than 3,400 places to commemorate the war, most Americans could not tell you where their nearest World War I monument resides. This is sad, as we lost 120,144 troops in a very short period. I admittedly know of several monuments, but I am unsure if they are the closest to my house.

As it stands, we can certainly learn something from the Scots.

{ 5 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Phil B. August 18, 2011 at 9:49 PM

Very interesting. I would not have suspected such a number of memorials. The pictures really bring this to life.

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2 Dave Jordan August 19, 2011 at 5:32 PM

I noticed a similar thing when I visited Ontario, Canada for the first time. Just as many towns and cities (at least in the eastern US ) have a Civil War monument in the courthouse square, it seems every town in Ontario had a monument to the soldiers killed in The Great War, with the Second World War obviously added in at a later date. The numbers killed in WWI almost always exceeded the numbers lost in WWII, often by a large margin. I don’t know if there are similar monuments in other Canadian provinces, but I suspect there might be in the western and maritime provinces. Quebec may be a different story. IIRC, only Canadians who volunteered for overseas duty served outside Canada during both World Misunderstandings, and the response from Quebec was lukewarm at best.

Thanks for posting this!

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3 David James June 27, 2012 at 5:23 PM

Memorials like this are common throughout the British isles in virtually every village or town that existed at the time. There is usually a ceremony at every one, every rememberence sunday. In some cases the memorials are actually in the local churchyard.

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4 Cotton Boll Conspiracy October 30, 2012 at 9:29 PM

Living in the South, I’ve visited many towns – big and small – with memorials to soldiers who died during the Civil War. It can’t help but respect communities that take the time and effort to remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice.

And you’re right, we in the U.S. could stand do to a better job of commemorating those who fought and died in the Great War. Our losses may have paled in comparison to those of France, Germany, Russia, the UK, etc., but they were still significant and should never be forgotten.

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5 pam farmer June 4, 2013 at 12:46 PM

My father was named after a relative in Perth who died in the Great War. I know there is a statue in St. Johns I believe which lists his name: William M Farmer.

I am trying to find out the exact location of the statue. Does anyone have an idea how I can do that.

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