Why do Students Dread Historiography?

by Scott Manning on April 30, 2013

Historiography is not a popular topic among students.

Scotland Books

A Classics undergrad at Temple received a B on her paper, with a comment by the teacher on the lack of secondary sources. The student responded, “I cited all primary sources. Why do I need secondary sources?”

At AMU, graduate history students are required to take a Historical Methods course as well as a Historiography course. I hear students complain about the historiography course more than any other course, referring to it as “painful” and “hard.”

One professor at a prominent university told me how some of her students find historiography difficult to master, as they “tend to see historiography as a chore they must perform before moving on to more ‘sexy’ types of analysis.”

The Importance of Historiography

Yet, the importance of historiography is clear. No historian should reinvent the wheel, but instead stand on the shoulders of predecessors. Learn from their conclusions, good or bad, while understanding the context of and influences on their work.

The neglect of historiography is apparent in each field of history, but it comes up a lot in Civil War history where massive volumes of official war records, diaries, and letters are readily accessible online. It is tempting to use only these primary sources without ever referencing the past 150 of historiography.

Civil War blogger Dimitri Rotov has aggressively addressed the issue on multiple occasions:

When an author cites no secondary sources but goes back to the OR [Official Records] to write an account of this or that, when the OR cited is selective and dishonest, when the author claims no influence from major recent books (or if that influence is not visible in the work), put that author’s book down, ignore it, and mark the author as unworthy of further reading.

Why do students dread historiography?

Yet, students continue to dread historiography, which obviously follows them into their professional careers. Why do they dread it?

The problem lies in how we teach students in their historical craft. As we teach prospective historians about primary, secondary, and tertiary sources, primary sources are always king. We give students the perspective that there is something pure about relying only on these sources closest to the events. We inundate students with letters, diaries, eyewitness accounts, and other sources, asking them to interpret what they see.

Yes, this is critical to the molding of a historian. However, there is no similar process for secondary sources. We do not force students to read good and bad history, asking them to interpret or understand the context of which it was written. The most schools typically do is explain that Wikipedia is not a reliable source. Ho-hum.

Yes, many schools offer historiography in postgraduate courses, but prospective historians need it earlier in their careers.

Why do students dread historiography? We have taught them to value primary sources over everything else at the cost of stripping all value from secondary sources.

This needs to change.

{ 6 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Dad April 30, 2013 at 11:54 PM

It’s not limited to History.

Reply

2 Richard Williams May 5, 2013 at 9:57 PM

Scott – an interesting post. “Why do they dread it?” I think some of it is the fact that there is more emphasis on the social aspects of American history. I’m not going to elaborate, but I think you know what I mean. I’ve got a long post I’m working on now about this whole issue. Once it’s up, I’ll try to remember to email you. I’d like your perspective. Here’s something akin to what I’m talking about:

http://oldvirginiablog.blogspot.com/2008/09/celebratory-history.html

Best,
RGW

Reply

3 Scott Manning May 5, 2013 at 10:14 PM

Richard, interesting thought. I know some students can be slow moving into the social history. If they’re already bored with this history, then the historiography will likely bore them too.

I look forward to your post.

Reply

4 Bob May 5, 2013 at 10:07 PM

Very well put. The link was a good read.

Bob

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5 Richard Williams May 5, 2013 at 10:44 PM

“when the author claims no influence from major recent books (or if that influence is not visible in the work), put that author’s book down, ignore it, and mark the author as unworthy of further reading.”

Rotov writes some good stuff, but this is just one man’s opinion. A lot of “major recent books” are themselves “unworthy of further reading.”

Reply

6 Joe May 5, 2013 at 10:57 PM

I remember taking my undergrad course. It wasn’t even worth 3 credits. I did dread it, but it was worth the pain.

Reply

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